South African National Anthem, Flag and Coat of Arms

 
 

South African National Anthem, Flag and Coat of Arms

The Flag of South Africa

The Flag of South Africa was adopted on the 27th of April, 1994, the same day as South Africa's first democratic election. It was designed by Fred Bronwnell, who was South Africa's State Herald at the time. The flag design process started in 1993, and only 6 designs were chosen out of more than 7000 designs.
The flag comprises of a horizontal band of red (at the top) and blue band, on the bottom.ths is separated by a green band that splits in two, having a "Y" shape. A white stripe separates the green and red, as well as the blue green. In the "V" shape of the "Y", there is a black area, and a thin yellow stripe that separates the black and green. South Africa's flag is one of a kind, as it has 6 colours, no emblem or seal.

 


The Coat of Arms of South Africa

The new Coat of Arms of South Africa replaced the old one that has been in use since 1910. The new Coat of arms was implemented on freedom day - the 27th April 2000. The motto !ke e: |xarra ?ke is Khoisan, and literally translates to "diverse people unite".
Out of the country's top 10 designers, 3 designers were chosen for the important task of designing a new coat of arm. Iaan Bekker was the designer who designed the new Coat of arms, and he was chosen by The Government Communication and Information System.

 

The South African National Anthem

South Africa's national Anthem is one of a kind, as it comprises out of four languages, Xhosa, Southern Sotho, Afrikaans and English. It is also a combination of two songs, the first half being "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika", and the second half "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika/The Call of South Africa".
Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika was composed in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga. He was a Methodist school teacher and the song was sung as a hymn in church. Later times the song was traditionally sung as political defiance against the former regime.
Die Stem van Suid-Afrika/The Call of South Africa was composed in 1918 by C.J. Langenhoven, and it was originally the co-anthem with "God save the Queen" from 1936 up until 1957 when it became the only official national anthem. It was set to music by Reverend ML de Villiers in 1921.
Nelson Mandela declared in 1995 that both the songs should be implemented together as South Africa's national anthem because of their great political and traditional meanings to all cultures in this diverse country.


Lyrics:

(Xhosa) Nkosi sikelel' iAfrika  
Maluphakanyisw' uphondo lwayo,   
(Zulu)Yizwa imithandazo yethu,
Nkosi sikelela, thina lusapho lwayo.

(Southern Sotho) Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso, 
O fedise dintwa le matshwenyeho,  
O se boloke, O se boloke setjhaba sa heso,
Setjhaba sa South Afrika - South Afrika

(Afrikaans) Uit die blou van onse hemel,
Uit die diepte van ons see,
Oor ons ewige gebergtes,
Waar die kranse antwoord gee,

(English) Sounds the call to come together,
And united we shall stand,
Let us live and strive for freedom,
In South Africa our land.


Lyrics translated to English:

God bless Africa
May her glory be lifted high
Hear our petitions
God bless us, Your children

God we ask You to protect our nation
Intervene and end all conflicts
Protect us, protect our nation
Nation of South Africa, South Africa

Ringing out from our blue heavens,
From our deep seas breaking round,
Over everlasting mountains,
Where the echoing crags resound,

Sounds the call to come together,
And united we shall stand,
Let us live and strive for freedom,
In South Africa our land

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